Registered charities can be referred to as non-profit organizations (NPOs). However, while both types of organizations operate on a non-profit basis, the two types are defined differently under the Income Tax Act.
If your organization becomes registered as a “charitable organization” with Canada Customs and Revenue Agency (CCRA) it will be permitted to issue charitable tax receipts and will not pay tax on income. Not all not-for-profit groups are able to gain charitable status - just those that pursue the defined charitable causes of “relief of poverty, advancing education, advancing religion, and activities beneficial to the community as a whole.”
Learn more about the difference between Charities and Not for Profits.